Breathing is a sign that we are alive. It is enough to deprive a person of the opportunity to breathe for a few seconds and the panic and fear of death comes. That is why shortness of breath is of particular concern. If anything interferes with the normal flow of oxygen into the body, it can become a threat to life. But for proper treatment it is necessary to know what is the cause of this condition.
Symptoms of Poor Breathing
The normal flow of oxygen to the lungs and organs is provided by the work of several factors. It’s not enough to just breathe in and out. Breathing is a whole complex of processes, and it is influenced by:
- airway patency, its normal functioning;
- good work of the respiratory system muscles;
- the correct pressure in the pleural cavity;
- good permeability of the alveoli for oxygen in the blood;
- adequate work of the heart muscle pumping blood;
- the proper amount of red blood cells in the blood needed to transport oxygen;
- normal blood viscosity;
- sufficient permeability of cell membranes.
If at least one item in this well-coordinated structure of the process goes wrong, a person will certainly feel a lack of oxygen (hypoxia). The body will let you know about it through the following symptoms:
- A grueling yawn.
- Frequent, shallow breathing.
- Heart palpitation.
- Fear of death, panic attack before going to sleep.
- The feeling of suffocation.
- Altered consciousness, fainting.
Any of these symptoms require medical attention, because prolonged hypoxia leads to changes in organs and brain structures.
Causes of Shortness of Breath
States in which a person does not have enough air can be radically different, but each of them needs close attention.
- Lung/bronchial diseases such as tuberculosis, pneumonia, bronchitis. They can disguise themselves as nervous disorders or asthma attacks, especially at the peak of the disease. They can be accompanied by a debilitating cough, sputum withdrawal, severe weakness, high temperature, pressing pain in the middle of the chest. In the absence of treatment, the disease progresses and becomes threatening.
- Cardiovascular disease. They are distinguished by the absence of phlegm, temperature and wet cough. However, they can give weakness and shortness of breath. If there is a heart failure, the patient is not able to exercise normally and attacks of suffocation increase from this. Any load, including the usual walking to the store, can cause a feeling of lack of oxygen. To eliminate this, you need to exercise.
- Bronchial asthma. This disease differs from nervous pathologies. The patient can not breathe out normally (with neurological disorders and VVD, a person does not have enough air when inhaling). The person coughs, feels shortness of breath, tries to take a comfortable position.
As can be seen from the examples, the feeling of lack of oxygen can be “false” or extremely dangerous. In any case, you should not risk your own health. The survey will help to clarify the situation and take the necessary measures in time.