Breathing is a sign that we are alive. It is worth a few seconds to deprive a person of the opportunity to breathe, as panic and fear of death will immediately come. That is why the feeling of lack of air is of particular concern. If at least something interferes with the normal flow of oxygen into the body, it can be a threat to life. But for proper treatment you need to know what caused the condition.
Symptoms of Bad Breath
Normal oxygen supply to the lungs and organs is provided by the work of several factors. It is not enough just to inhale and exhale. Breathing is a whole complex of processes, and it is influenced by:
- airway, their normal operation;
- good work of the muscles of the respiratory system;
- correct pressure in the pleural cavity (in a quiet state on the exhale, it is 4 mm Hg. and in the inhale 8 mm Hg. Art.);
- good alveoli permeability to oxygen in the blood;
- adequate work of the cardiac muscle pumping blood;
- the proper amount of red blood cells needed to transport oxygen;
- normal blood viscosity;
- sufficient permeability of cell membranes.
If at least something in this harmonious structure of processes goes wrong, a person would certainly feel a lack of oxygen (hypoxia). The body will tell about it with the following symptoms:
- Frequent, shallow breathing.
- Cough up
- Exhausting yawning;
- Fear of death, panic.
- Choking sensation.
- Altered consciousness, fainting.
Note!Any of these symptoms require medical attention, since prolonged hypoxia leads to changes in organs and brain structures.
Causes of Feeling a Lack of Oxygen
The states in which a person does not have enough air may be radically different, but each of them needs close attention:
- Lung / bronchial diseases such as tuberculosis, pneumonia, bronchitis. They may mask themselves as nervous disorders or asthma attacks, especially at the peak of the disease. May be accompanied by a debilitating cough, sputum withdrawal, severe weakness, high fever, and pressing pain in the middle of the chest. If untreated, the disease progresses and becomes threatening.
- Cardiovascular diseases. Characterized by the absence of sputum, temperature and moist cough. However, can give weakness and shortness of breath. If there is heart failure, the patient is not able to properly engage in physical activity – asthma attacks are increased. The heart may not have pathologies, but be weak, “frail,” as is the case with hypochondriacs or cardiophobes that provoked by passive lifestyle. Any load, including regular walking to the store, can cause a feeling of lack of oxygen. To eliminate this, it is necessary to do some physical exercise.
- Bronchial asthma. This disease differs from nerve pathologies in that the patient cannot breathe normally (with neurological disorders and the VVD, the person does not have enough air when breathing in). The asthmatic coughs dry, is having shortness of breath, trying to take a comfortable position.
- Pulmonary embolism. Its first sign is the feeling of lack of oxygen. This is an extremely dangerous condition during which a blood clot, having come off in the vein of the upper or lower extremity, enters the pulmonary artery with the bloodstream, blocking it. When a lung infarction begins to develop, the patient is tormented by a strong cough with bloody sputum, the upper part of the body turns blue, and breathing is frequent and intermittent. Call an ambulance is needed.
- Blood diseases. Many people do not attach importance to anemia, but it is – a direct satellite oxygen starvation. When there is a shortage of red blood cells in the blood, the supply of oxygen to the organs is difficult, and the person feels it due to fatigue, shortness of breath and pallor. In case of poisoning, red blood cells also suffer, their functions deteriorate – therefore, the sick person experiences weakness and a feeling of lack of air at rest.
- VVD and panic attacks. These conditions always provoke the release of adrenaline in the blood, leading the body to the strongest tone. The alarmist begins to swallow oxygen in large doses, as a result of which the normal proportion of O2 and carbon dioxide in the bloodstream is disrupted. To bring the proportion back to normal, it is enough to breathe in the palm of your hand or a paper bag. But the alarmist believes that he is about to die from suffocation, and swallows the air even more actively. Some sufferers faint due to the critically incorrect proportion of O2 and carbon dioxide – this is the only chance for the body to restore breathing.
As can be seen from the examples, the feeling of lack of oxygen can be “false” or, conversely, extremely dangerous. In any case, you should not risk your own health. The survey will help clarify the picture of the state and take the necessary measures in time.