If a person is negligent to his nerves and periodically gives them shakes, than sooner or later problems will begin. The CNS can change lives beyond recognition. The feeling of unreality is a terrible condition that sometimes begins to haunt a person. In medical language it is called “derealization” or “depersonalization”: it depends on how a person feels this very unreality.
Note!Derealization is the feeling that the space around is unreal. The coloring of the objects, the smells and the time seems distorted. The psyche for certain reasons is not able to perceive the world objectively.
Depersonalization is a distorted perception of oneself. There is the feeling that the head no longer controls other parts of the body, as if they had become strangers. People loose the connection of themselves with the surrounding world, as if they fall into the vacuum.
Why Is this Happening?
A variety of people can suffer from the loss of reality, even those who think they are completely healthy. Due to the fact that the CNS is involved in the process, most often people prone to stress face derealization: persons with Vegetovascular dystonia, neurotics, hypochondriacs, depressed personalities. What are the reasons for this unpleasant and frightening condition? What does a person feel?
|Frequent stress, nervousness||The nervous system is sensitive, and if it is not protected, over time it becomes “thin”, vulnerable to any stimuli. To help a person to survive in a difficult, nervous world, the psyche willfully includes “analgesic” mechanism: it ceases to respond properly to the environment to concentrate on serious and important things.||Patients describe this feeling of unreality during panic attack in different ways: as in a dream, as in a computer game or on another planet. A person can forget recent and yesterday’s events for a certain time, lose concentration and confidence, be unable to make decisions and assess the situation. There is a feeling of “falling out” of the world, as if everything happens in a movie or in a moving picture, where the patient himself is only a ineffective observer. In some cases, the world is perceived plasticine, unusual, with distorted color characteristics.|
|Depression||In psychiatry, there are many different forms of depression, each of which is provoked by a specific factor: from nervous shocks to metabolic disorders of the brain. In almost all forms of depression, the patient loses his own adequate “I” and begins to see the world through a distorted prism.||Symptoms progress and in the absence of treatment can lead to suicidal attempts. A person begins to live automatically, have aggressive or indifferent attitude to others. Reality becomes alien, dull, unpleasant. The patient can sleep a lot, thus trying to escape from everyday life.|
|Hypochondria, neuroses||With neuroses and hypochondria, patients tend to concentrate unnecessarily on their symptoms and sensations. There are often such thoughts as: “Where is my soul, and who am I?”, “How do I walk and breathe?”, “Am I dreaming? What if it’s not real?” Obsession with such thoughts can provoke persistent neurosis and the patient could not get rid of them. Life turns into a minute-by-minute evaluation of all the degree of reality.||Neurotics and hypochondriacs realize that their behavior is strange, and the world hasn’t really changed, but they can’t do anything about it. They constantly doubt that the world is not illusory, and it is real. Sometimes there is a feeling of depersonalization: some limb seems to be a stranger, and a person doubts that he is able to manage it correctly. The brain feels like loosing the link with organs and own perception of the world.|
|Vegetovascular dystonia, panic attacks, improper breathing||The feeling of unreality in Vegetovascular dystonia often occurs due to hyperventilation of the lungs. A person breathes frequently, superficially (especially in the period of PA), resulting in a violation of the correct proportion of carbon dioxide and oxygen in the blood.||Because of the disturbed oxygen formula in the bloodstream, the human consciousness begins to get confused, the mouth dries. There is dizziness, perspiration. Being afraid of the state (any symptom can cause fear), the patient drives himself into a vicious circle.|
|Effects of certain psychotropic drugs||Often, after treatment with neuroleptics (Aminazine, Reserpine), a person feels like a sluggish vegetable lost in space. This is the way the psyche reacts to the invasion of medicine. This condition may be short (several weeks) or long (up to 1.5 years). It is often misunderstood to be common depression and wrongly treated, exacerbating the problem||The patient not only ceases to perceive the surrounding world: everything seems purposeless and useless to him. A person loses a sense of its own place in the world. He is persecuted by suicidal thoughts, depression, lethargy. The patient often blames himself for all the troubles. The quality of life in this state falls down significantly.|
The panic disorder and feeling of unreality do not mean that you are on the verge of madness. Since you are concerned about the situation and you are still able to understand what is happening to you is illogical and unnatural, this is just an indicator of your mental adequacy. However, it is clear that the nervous system has failed, and it’s time to improve the situation.
With a mild degree of derealization and rare attacks, sometimes it is enough to adjust the lifestyle and deprive yourself of stress. In severe cases the prescribed antidepressants usually help.