Table of Contents
In patients suffering from Vegetovascular dystonia and experiencing panic attacks, such a symptom as a violation of the heart rhythm is manifested quite often. The rhythm could be deflected in different ways, and one of the “variants” of such failure is the sinking heart.
Features of the State
The feeling that heart skips a beat usually occurs with extrasystole, a condition that is characterized by “extra” heartbeat. At first, there is a strong extraordinary push, after which the patient feels his heart stopped, which in this case is a compensatory pause. It is quite natural that such pauses are needed to restore the normal rhythm; in addition, this phenomenon is considered to be the safest of all cardiac arrhythmias (if there are no pathologies), but the person feels the strongest fear. The patient feels that his heart is about to stop. The condition may be accompanied by the following symptoms:
- strong lack of air;
- feeling of suffocation;
- inability to breathe fully;
- burning sensation in the sternum;
- intense stress;
- feeling of compression in the chest;
- increased blood pressure;
- numbness or cooling of limbs;
- body shiver;
- fear of death;
Extrasystole can occur in people suffering from Vegetovascular dystonia for various reasons. For example, it can be osteochondrosis, as a result of which the pinched nerve provokes the appearance of “extra” impulses. In that case, if the fading happens after taking a certain position, you should consult a specialist. Perhaps the situation is associated with spinal disorders. Another cause of extrasystole may be cardioneurosis. This disorder often occurs due to a once experienced panic attack, accompanied by heart failure or pain. In the future, the patient begins to pay attention his heart rate constantly. He often has a sensation of heart skipping a beat when inhaling, and then assesses how correct his breath is.
Remember!The most common cause of the problem is usually stress, prolonged psychological stress, intense feelings and fears.
Often, such fading can lead to the development of cardiophobia – irrational fear of dying from heart disease. People suffering from such phobia have acute concerns about the slightest “deviation from the course”, which only aggravates the situation. In some cases, a pathological fear of death can develop. Such patients are particularly afraid of a sinking heart before bedtime.
What Treatment Should Be Performed?
First of all, a person suffering from Vegetovascular dystonia should understand that extrasystoles and compensatory pause are not associated with any dangerous disease. It is unlikely that the condition will lead to a more serious disease like atrial fibrillation, and its consequences can be very dangerous. Extrasystoles is rarely death-threatening. At the same time, the lethal outcome is possible if the patient has heart disease. To sooth the soul you can visit a cardiologist, make ultrasound and ECG to make sure that there are no certain pathologies.
You should try to get rid of excessive suspiciousness and fear, because otherwise the heart will constantly have the feeling heart skips a beat and you will find yourself in a vicious circle. Frequent extrasystoles adversely affect the blood supply to the body, which, in turn, can lead to angina, constant dizziness or impaired renal function.
Help of the Psychotherapist
Psychotherapeutic treatment is to identify and study the causes that provoked the emergence of certain psychogenic diseases. Often, the therapy is supplemented by the intake of drugs. To reduce anxiety, the patient is prescribed antidepressants, tranquilizers and neuroleptics. Sometimes b vitamins, calcium and magnesium are prescribed. During the sessions, the patient can be trained in various methods of relaxation, breathing techniques and autogenous training. Do not forget that only with regular and proper exercise you will achieve a lasting positive effect. Specialists often use systematic desensitization, cognitive behavioral therapy, NLP and Gestalt therapy. The feeling that heart skips a beat caused by phobias and neuroses, as a rule, ceases to bother a person after a course of treatment. Also, the patient must comply with some recommendations:
- The diet should be balanced and include enough proteins, fats and carbohydrates, as well as vitamins and minerals that contribute to the normal functioning of the heart.
- It is necessary to refuse the use of alcohol, not to smoke.
- It is necessary to take control of the emotional sphere, if possible, not to get into stressful situations and to accustom yourself to react correctly to certain negative circumstances. To do this, you can take soothing infusions.
- Permanent business often helps. A large amount of free time creates a fertile ground for unpleasant thoughts, fears and self-flagellation. Even the usual cleaning of the house can help to stop heavy thoughts at least temporarily.
- Often walk in the fresh air, temper the body and engage in simple physical exercises. Jogging or active walking are rather effective. An interesting hobby will also help.
In the absence of pathologies, the feeling of a sinking heart is not dangerous, but such manifestations prevent a person from leading a normal life. It is necessary to pay close attention to the state of psychological health and to address the problems that provoke the emergence of various negative symptoms.