Dryness of mouth with Vegetovascular dystonia is a fairly common symptom. This problem brings a lot of inconvenience to a person: the patient not only feels a strong physical discomfort and constantly suffers from thirst, but also worries about the possible consequences of such a condition.
Why the Mouth Is Dry in Vegetovascular Dystonia?
People with unstable nervous system begin to breathe through the mouth involuntarily in case of panic attacks and in situations of fear. Their breath is typically superficial and frequent, the patient absorbs more and more air almost unconsciously. That is why excessive dryness of the oral cavity becomes a frequent consequence of stress. In addition, with psychoemotional stress and constant stress, the muscles involved in the process of swallowing are strained, and the salivary glands are intensively “compressed” and cannot work fully. This provokes drying. When uncontrolled phobias, especially when the patient is in direct contact with the object of fear, adrenaline is released into the blood and, first of all, blood is supplied to the heart and brain. As a result, the gastrointestinal tract suffers. The patient has no appetite, salivary glands do not work properly, and this leads to the feeling of dry mouth.
Remember!Dry mouth with Vegetovascular dystonia can be caused by the use of drugs. People suffering from Vegetovascular dystonia often take various medications, forgetting about their possible side effects. One of these adverse events may be dryness of the mouth.
Consequences and treatment
As a rule, dry mouth can lead to the following negative manifestations:
- strong thirst;
- malfunctions of taste receptors;
- swallowing problems;
- shortness of breath;
- change of the color of the tongue;
- burning, cracking of the tongue;
- bad breath from the mouth;
- intensive plaque formation on the tongue and gums;
- peeling of the lips, the appearance of cracks.
People who are afraid of social interaction feel even more discomfort due to the dryness of mouth. The fact is that patients with social anxiety are overly concerned about what impression they will make on others. During any conversation, such patients feel too worried. Contacts with other people are a stressful situation for them. Of course, in this case they have excessive dryness in the mouth, provoking fuzzy pronunciation of words and poor diction. This circumstance makes the patient worry several times stronger and can subsequently cause complete avoidance of communication with people. At the same time, even the use of a large amount of water may not help. The following symptoms may accompany this condition:
- profuse sweating;
- high blood pressure;
- confusion of thoughts;
- the feeling of squeezing of the chest;
- tension, tears, panic;
- the tightness in the neck;
- nausea, vomiting, “nervous” diarrhea;
- trembling of limbs, urge to urinate;
- dizziness, redness of the skin.
When having a dry mouth all the time you should consult a psychotherapist. Treatment, as a rule, is aimed at eliminating the causes that provoked the onset of the symptom. Special psychotherapeutic techniques are the most effective way to deal with depression, stress and phobias occurring in the background of Vegetovascular dystonia. Among them are: cognitive-behavioral technique, Gestalt psychology-therapy, psychoanalysis, systematic desensitization, NLP, hypnosis and so on. As a rule, after eliminating the cause of undesirable symptoms, both physical and psychological state is stabilized.
Self-help may consist in the use of soothing agents – Valerian or motherwort. You can also use relaxation techniques or breathing exercises (at the time of intense anxiety). For example: take short breaths through the nose and long exhales through the mouth. Take into account that after an exhalation there should be a feeling of a full exit of air. The following exercise will also help to relax: you need to do 3-4 quick inhales and exhales.
It is a good practice to undergo a medical examination, as getting a dry mouth at night can be the result of other ailments, namely: influenza, ARI, tonsillitis, diabetes, anemia and thyroid malfunctions. In addition, eating habits, smoking, as well as the use of antibiotics, diuretics and expectorants can have a negative impact on the oral cavity.